The study of the transformations that occur in elements, compounds, and other substances is known as chemistry. Chemists try to figure out why things happen and come up with logical, accessible explanations for the features and behaviors of substances.
Organic, inorganic, and analytical chemistry are the three main categories of chemistry. They are divided into sub-branches, each with its own set of research questions.
Inorganic chemistry, sometimes known as metallurgy or chemical engineering, is concerned with the development of materials based on non-carbon elements and ions. Minerals and transition metals are examples of such materials. Compounds with at least one bond between a carbon atom and a metal or metalloid (usually known as organometallic) are also included.
The most important component of life on Earth is inorganic chemicals. They are found naturally in the environment and are used in a variety of industries. They are in charge of producing semiconductors, pigments, coatings, surfactants, fuels, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals.
Some inorganic compounds are straightforward, whereas others are more complicated. Salt (sodium chloride), for example, is a simple inorganic substance made up of only two atoms: sodium and chlorine. Inorganic chemists investigate the characteristics and reactivity of these fundamental inorganic substances.
The presence or absence of oxygen is one technique to distinguish between inorganic and organic chemistry. An inorganic substance usually contains oxygen, but not always. Some inorganic compounds can be synthesized without the use of oxygen.
Inorganic chemists are interested in the properties of substances at the molecular level, which they investigate using various approaches and techniques. They may concentrate on a substance's atomic structure, characteristics, and reactions, or they may investigate the effects of various sorts of circumstances on the molecules that are there.
A chemist who researches inorganic substances is frequently employed at a university or research institution. They could specialize in polymers, semiconductors, or catalysts, for example. Alternatively, they could work on a broad topic that encompasses all aspects of inorganic chemistry, such as halogens or metals.
They examine inorganic molecules using a number of tools and techniques, including electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy, molecular magnetic resonance (MR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and X-ray crystallography. They can also use light and electron microscopes to investigate the structures and properties of these molecules, as well as research them in relation to their symmetry.
Furthermore, they frequently concentrate on the links between physical qualities and functions, as well as the ways in which these properties might be employed to create valuable products. They can use their expertise in inorganic chemistry to help develop novel materials and devise better and more efficient manufacturing procedures.
Government entities such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) employ some inorganic chemists. They could be working on the development of chemicals that can be used to protect soil and water, or they could be designing new drugs.
Other inorganic chemists advance technology by inventing and testing novel materials and gadgets. They create and test microchips, batteries, catalysts, pigments, paints, and a variety of other materials.